Why bee hives shaped hexagonal ?

Why bee hives shaped hexagonal ?


The structure of the remarkable honey bee hive has made man admired for thousands of years ago.

In the third century, Pappus of Alexandria, an astronomer and geometry, to be the first to propose an explanation of why the hexagonal honeycomb shape. Pappus explained that there are only three forms that can be selected for use in bee hives – triangles, squares, and hexagon (the hexagon).

beehive hexagonal Why bee hives shaped hexagonal ?
Pappus noticed that the hexagon may contain more honey in the same space than a square (square) or a triangle. Also required less material to build a hexagon candles. Other forms will cause the remaining spaces between the cells that will be wasted.

Each cell is closed by a pyramid consisting of three rhombus. Complex math shows that this form also requires the least amount of candle power for construction. In addition, the pyramid-shaped lid allows the honeycomb cells collide with each other without wasting space.

Another amazing thing about the honey bee is the cooperation between them in building the coffers of this honey. These bees start building from different points.

Hundreds of bees up his house from three to four different starting points and then proceed penusunan building to meet in the middle. There was no mistake at all the places where they meet.

Bees also calculate the angle between the cavity of each other while building a purse. Between the cavity with a cavity to another one behind it is always formed with thirteen degrees of tilt plane. Thus both sides of the cavity is in a position tilted upward, it is that the honey contained therein does not flow out or spill.

It was only after the development of modern calculus, scientists are able to fully appreciate the shape of the cap at the end of the honeycomb cells.


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