The transition period of prehistoric human, from hunters to farmers
First the type of early human is as a hunters, then a shift to grow crops to meet food needs. During the transitional period, humans coexist as hunters to farmer
This hypothesis is known based on evidence from DNA analysis conducted by researchers from Sweden and Denmark against four human skeleton excavated from a plot of land in Sweden. A framework is a farmer, while the other is a hunter.
These fossils are from the Stone Age, about five thousand years ago. A total of 250 million base pairs that were collected from the frame into the machine time for researchers to study human genetics in the past.
Preliminary results indicate the location of the origin of two kinds of people with different lifestyles. “Genetic profile matches the human farmer who now lives in the Mediterranean such as Cyprus. Three other matches human hunters of northern Europe,” says genetic researchers from Uppsala University, Pontus Skoglund.
This finding is consistent with the theory of the agricultural revolution in Europe. The theory states that planting pattern taken from the people who live in the south to north. When the humans who live in the north still live by hunting and gathering. Both groups then met this man and lived together for thousands of years.
“They live together with different lifestyles and do interbreed,” says Mattias Jakobsson evolutionary biology researchers from Uppsala University.
As a result of intermarriage, the European man living today no longer have the same genetic human hunters and gatherers of the Stone Age. However, according to Skoglund, several human genetic fragments of the stone age still stored in the body of modern Europeans.
Farmers from the Mediterranean gain knowledge about agriculture from the first farm in the Middle East about 11 thousand years ago. Farming spread across Europe 6,000 years later.