Germany Stealth Aircraft Technology In World War II
Historians still disagree with each other about the title of this stealth aircraft, There is a named Horten IX, Horten Ho IX, Gotha Go 229, Horten Ho-229. If for me personally, calling Horten Ho IX or IX is more inclined to the type of development (glider made Horten Horten previously named I, II, III … and so on). Official production version of its own (which is made by the aircraft manufacturer Gotha) was named Go 229, and instead of Ho 229.
Two brothers Walter and REIMAR Horten is the pioneer in the manufacture of aircraft wings with no tail, and has built a row of planes ‘screen’ without a beautifully-shaped machine with a stunning performance in 1936 s / d 1940, which was followed by an example with equipped with two booster engines. Their experience in making large-winged aircraft that can fly is something magical in those days, and is the only one in the world.
In 1943 Walter Horten expressed interest to build a high-speed aircraft are made of … wood! Reports from the development of DFS 194 (later renamed Messerschmitt Me 163) which led Professor Walter Lippisch increasingly convinced that even the plane of the timber can carry a jet engine or a rocket and then fly. In 1943 he proposed his idea to the Commander of the Luftwaffe Hermann Göring Reichsmarschall, and without much fuss projects are approved.
Horten IX V1 first prototype was built based on a design, then the same test flight of the V1, a second prototype was developed directly as well. V2 is powered by two turbojets. The design is a mixture of various types of aircraft foregoing, the machine is used instead of the BMW 003 and Jumo 004 as originally planned. Large front wheel which is a cheat sheet of tail wheel aircraft Heinkel He 177, while the main landing gear equipment “borrowed” from the Messerschmitt Bf 109 G.
The inaugural flight in Oranienburg, February 2, 1945.
Erwin Ziller.setelah Pilot examiners are successful in testing the first who, then, who conducted the third trial, on takeoff the left engine is off and the plane lost speed and can not be controlled. Erwin Ziller was killed when the plane hit the ground and dived prototype destroyed.
Erwin Ziller at its first test on the aircraft Horten
The project still continues with all the energy left. Prototype components that still exist immediately moved to Gothaer Wagonfabrik (Gotha), which was in Friedrichsrode. In March 1945 the project focused on the third prototype, dubbed the Go 229 V3. V3 is larger than either of its predecessors, and its shape has been further refined in several places, which are intended to be a model for pre-production series aircraft Go 229 A-0 which had been ordered by the Luftwaffe as many as 20 pieces. V3 powered by Jumo 004C engines, and can carry two 30mm MK108 cannon at the base of the wings.
But everything has been late for the Luftwaffe. American troops occupied the Gotha plant on April 14, 1945 and found a windfall: a prototype V3 is 90% completed and not yet flown. Four more aircraft are Go 229 V4, V5, V6 and V7 are present as well, with several stages of completion. V4 and V5 is the prototype with two seats and is planned as a night fighter version.
Of course the Americans do not squander this invention, and immediately carried off the V3 back to his country. The scientists there can only be dazed already witnessed so far progress has been achieved by rivals from Germany. More fierce, the V3 can still be seen to this day, precisely at NASM’s Paul E. Garber Restoration, Preservation & Storage Facility located in Silver Hill, Maryland.
This is a reply Horten aircraft seized in the U.S. and developed country, a B2 bomber
B-2 imitation of the Horten HO-229
Horten Ho 229 V3 stored at the Smithsonian Institution’s Garber Restoration Facility
General characteristics Horten Ho 229A (V3)
* Crew: 1 Crew: 1
* Length: 7:47 m (24 ft 6 in) Length: 7:47 m (24 ft 6 in)
* Wingspan: 16.76 m (55 ft 0 in) Wingspan: 16.76 m (55 ft 0 in)
* Height: 2.81 m (9 ft 2 in) Height: 2.81 m (9 ft 2 in)
* Wing area: 50.20 m² (540.35 ft ²) Wing area: 50.20 m² (540.35 ft ²)
* Empty weight: 4.600 kg (10.141 lb) Empty weight: 4600 kg (10,141 pounds)
* Loaded weight: 6.912 kg (15.238 lb) Loaded Weight: 6912 kg (15,238 pounds)
* Max takeoff weight: 8.100 kg (17.857 lb) Maximum takeoff weight: 8100 kg (17,857 pounds)
* Powerplant: 2 × Junkers Jumo 004 B turbojets, 8.7 kN (1.956 lbf) each powerplant: 2 × Junkers Jumo 004 B turbojets, 8.7 kN (1956 lbf) each
Performance Performance Horten Ho 229A (V3)
* Maximum speed: 977km / h Maximum speed: 977km / h
* Service ceiling: 16.000 m (52.000 ft) Service ceiling: 16,000 m (52,000 ft)
* Rate of climb: 22 m / s (4.330 ft / min) Rate of climb: 22 m / s (4330 ft / min)
* Wing loading: 137.7 kg / m² (28.2 lb / ft ²) Wing loading: 137.7 kg / m² (28.2 lb / ft ²)
* Thrust / weight: 0.26 Thrust / weight: 0.26
Armament Horten Ho 229A (V3)
* Guns: 4 × 30 mm MK 108 cannon Weapons: 4 × 30 mm MK 108 cannon
* Rockets: Rockets rockets R4M: R4M rocket
* Bombs: 2 × 500 kg (1,100 lb) bombs Bombs: 2 × 500 kg (1,100 lb) bomb