Tana Toraja in South Sulawesi has long been famous for its natural scenic mountains a unique and customary rituals. The most famous, of course, Signs Solo party that was held before the funeral of a respected figure.
Each year the party that took place in several places in Toraja is always inviting the arrival of thousands tourists. Beside Signs Solo, actually there is a customary rare ritual in Toraja, namely Ma ‘Nene’, the ritual of cleaning and replacing clothes ancestral remains.
This ritual is only known to the public in the interior of Toraja Baruppu North. Usually, Ma ‘Nene’ held every August. When Ma ‘Nene’ progress, crates dead ancestors, leaders and parents, are removed from the tombs and stone canal and placed in the arena of the ceremony.
There, relatives and the relatives had gathered. Slowly, they took out the corpse (either still intact or who were living bones) and replace clothing embedded in the body with a new body. They treat the body as if still alive and remain part of the family.
Ritual Ma ‘Nene’ by society Baruppu regarded as a manifestation of their love for their ancestors, figures and relatives who had died. They remain hopeful, ancestral spirits to keep them from malicious interference, crop pests, as well as misfortune of living.
Ritual Origin of Ma ‘Nene’ in Baruppu
The story passed down through generations mention, in the past lies the animal a hunter named Pong Rumasek. While hunting in the forests of the mountains Balla, instead of finding the forest animals, he instead discovered the body of someone who has long passed away. The corpse was lying under the trees, abandoned, living bones.
Feeling pity, Pong Rumasek then take care of the corpse could. Bones wrapped it with the clothes he was wearing, then placed in a spacious area and feasible. After that, Pong Rumasek continue the hunt.
No warning, since the incident, every time Pong Rumasek hunt, he always get great results. Animals were herded into the forest as if he was. Not only that, when he got home, Pong Rumasek rice found in rice fields was already yellowing, spirited and ready to be harvested before their time.
Pong Rumasek regard, all the fortune was earned thanks to the compassion he showed when treating nameless bodies found during the hunt. Since then, Pong Baruppu Rumasek and community bodies to glorify their ancestors, figures and relatives with a ceremony Ma ‘Nene’.
In the ritual Ma ‘Nene’ there is also an unwritten rule that binds citizens. For example, if a wife or husband dies, the bereaved spouse must not remarry before holding Ma ‘Nene’ for him.
When Ma ‘Nene’ was held, the nomads Baruppu origin are scattered all over the country will return home in honor of ancestors.
Residents Baruppu believe, if Ma ‘Nene’ is not held then the ancestors will also be spared to keep them. Disaster will hit, the disease will befall the people, rice fields and garden will not produce rice that pithy and lush plants.